One day, Prof. Arvind Kapoor received a call from a colleague, who was about to give a student a zero for his answer to a physics question, while the student claimed a perfect score. The instructor and the student agreed to an impartial arbiter and, therefore, he was selected.

The teacher read the examination question: "Show how it is possible to determine the height of a tall building with the aid of a barometer."

The student had answered: "Take the barometer to the top of the building, attach a long rope to it, lower it to the street, and then bring it up, measuring the length of the rope. The length of the rope is the height of the building."

Since the student really had a strong case, he deserved a full credit because he had really answered the question completely and correctly!

On the other hand, if full credit were given, it would well contribute to a high grade in his physics course, thus certifying competence in physics. But the answer did not confirm this.

Prof. Kapoor suggested that the student should have another try. He gave the student six minutes to answer the question with the warning that the answer should show some knowledge of physics. At the end of five minutes, he had not written anything.

Professor asked if he wished to give up, but he said he had many answers to this problem; he was just thinking of the best one. Prof. Kapoor excused himself for interrupting him and asked him to please go on.

In the next minute, he dashed off his answer, which read: "Take the barometer to the top of the building and lean over the edge of the roof. Drop the barometer, timing its fall with a stopwatch. Then, using the formula x=0.5*a*t^^2, calculate the height of the building."

At this point, Prof. Kapoor asked his colleague if he should give up. He conceded and gave the student almost full credit.

While leaving his colleague's office, Prof. Kapoor recalled that the student had said that he had other answers to the problem, so he asked him what they were.

"Well," said the student, "there are many ways of getting the height of a tall building with the aid of a barometer. For example, you could take the barometer out on a sunny day and measure the height of the barometer, the length of its shadow, and the length of the shadow of the building, and by the use of simple proportion, determine the height of the building.

"Fine," Prof. Kapoor said, "and others?"

"Yes," said the student, "there is a very basic measurement method you will like. In this method, you take the barometer and begin to walk up the stairs. As you climb the stairs, you mark off the length of the barometer along the wall. You then count the number of marks, and this will give you the height of the building in barometer units. A very direct method, of course."

The student continued, "If you want a more sophisticated method, you can tie the barometer to the end of a string, swing it as a pendulum, and determine the value of g at the street level and at the top of the building. From the difference between the two values of g, the height of the building, in principle, can be calculated."

"Similarly, you could take the barometer to the top of the building, attach a long rope to it, lower it to just above the street, and then swing it as a pendulum. You could then calculate the height of the building by the period of the precession".

"Finally," he concluded, "there are many other ways of solving the problem.

Probably the best," he said, "is to take the barometer to the basement and knock on the superintendent's door. When the superintendent answers, you speak to him as follows: "Mr. Superintendent, here is a fine barometer. If you will tell me the height of the building, I will give you this barometer."

At this point, Prof. Kapoor asked the student if he really did not know the conventional answer to this question. He admitted that he did, but said that he was fed up with high school and college instructors trying to teach him how to think.

**Since beginning, we all have been taught to give conventional answers to different questions, which become deeply established in our subconcious mind. This prevents people from brainstorming about different issues. This hampers their creative thinking. In fact, it is the creative thinking that can lead to new discoveries and inventions.**